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What Are The Techniques Used in Metal Crafts?

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What Are The Techniques Used in Metal Crafts?

Traditional arts using metals

Traditional arts using metals as raw materials can be classified according to the type of metal used, the purpose of the product, the technology used, etc.

It is known that metalworking workshops had developed in the Anatolian region during the Roman and Byzantine periods. Islamic metalworking began to make progress starting with the Seljuks. The Seljuks contributed to the development of metalworking, just as they did to the development of many other branches of art.

During this period, metal workshops developed in the provinces of Konya, Mardin, Hasankeyf, Diyarbakir, Cizereh, Sirte, Kharput, Erzincan and Erzurum. It is known that metalworking reached its highest level in Anatolia and the Balkans during the Ottoman period.

The centers of metalworking in the Ottoman Empire remained centers of copper products. These cities include: Gaziantep, Kahramanmaraş, Mardin, Diyarbakir, Siirt, Tokat, Malatya, Elazig, Erzurum, Trabzon, Giresun, Ordu, Sivas, Tokat, Kayseri, Cakirli, Çorum, Amasya,

Kastamonu, Konya, Burdur, Denizli, Afyon, Kutahya, Balıkesir, Bursa, Istanbul and Edirne.

In metalworking, various techniques are used, including casting, telkari, scraping, hammering, tapping, küftgani, savatlama, ajur and cutting.

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Examples of traditional metal-based arts


Ironwork:

Used in making door knockers, kitchen equipment, horse harnesses, construction equipment, musical instruments, etc.

In Anatolia, after the Bronze Age, people mixed copper with tin to produce bronze, and later people used various techniques such as casting to process metals such as copper, gold and silver.

Copper Art:

Research shows that copper art has a very long history and copper mining in Anatolia has a long history. Copper plays an important role in Anatolian art and is also easily available.

Copper is widely used in daily life to make pots, jewelry, helmets, door knockers and decorate doors.

Copper is the most widely used metal. There are four techniques for making copper pots. They are: forging, casting, electroplating and pressing.

Nowadays, copper is widely used in kitchen equipment, and the metal is plated with tin.

Examples of Copper Crafts


Knife Making:

Knife is a cutting tool consisting of a handle and a sharp blade, which has been used in Anatolia since prehistoric times. Unfortunately, however, there is little information about the development of knives.

Knives are named according to their shape, for example: pala, hançer, gaddane and saldırma. Their handles are plated with ebony, ivory, silver or gold. The blades of knives made for the palace are decorated with different gems, such as diamonds, corals, rubies and emeralds.

In the middle of the 19th century, handmade knives gave way to machine-made knives and knife-making techniques improved. Today, we see table knives with stable handles and foldable pocket knives made of rust-resistant steel.

In some regions of Anatolia, knife handles are still decorated using various techniques.

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Gold and silverware:



Examples of gold and silverware
Telkari:

Thin gold is used to create three-dimensional objects with various patterns on them when they lose heat and are still pliable. Telkari is used to make jewelry, cup holders, boxes, and mascara tubes.

Savat:

This method is usually used for silver. The small holes opened on the metal surface are filled with a special black solution. There are three types of Savat: plain, serrated, and engraved. Boxes, watches, cup holders, and cigarette cases are made using this technique.


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